The Keys to Greater States of Consciousness



The Speaking Mind: Clapping “the Wave”

I journey to New York typically, and I really like going to see Broadway musicals. When The Ebook of Mormon opened, I used to be one of many first to purchase tickets. Members of the viewers had been laughing during. On the finish, the forged received a standing ovation.

All of the sudden, the applause modified. Slightly than a thousand individuals clapping individually, everybody started to clap in rhythm. Clap, clap, clap, clap. The rhythmic clapping turn out to be so insistent that the actors got here again onstage for an encore. The clapping communicated approval to the actors, and so they responded with one other music.

The neurons in your mind do one thing comparable. They hearth collectively in rhythmic patterns, speaking with one another throughout the mind. These patterns are measured in cycles per second, or Hertz (Hz). Think about an viewers clapping collectively slowly. That’s a sluggish mind wave, with tens of millions of neurons firing collectively slowly. Think about an viewers clapping rapidly. That’s a quick mind wave, with tens of millions of neurons firing collectively rapidly.

Immediately’s EEGs calculate mind wave patterns from every of the mind’s many various elements. They usually use 19 electrodes connected to the floor of the scalp.

One analysis workforce noticed, “Scientists are actually so accustomed to those EEG correlations with mind state that they might overlook simply how exceptional they’re…. A single electrode gives estimates of synaptic motion averaged over tissue plenty containing between roughly 100 million and 1 billion neurons” (Nunez & Srinivasan, 2006). Once we see mind wave modifications on an EEG, it signifies that the firing patterns of billions of neurons in our brains are additionally altering.

What Mind Waves Are and What They Do

There are 5 fundamental mind waves which are picked up by a contemporary EEG.

1. Gamma Mind Waves

Gamma is the very best mind wave frequency (40 to 100 Hz). It’s most prevalent at occasions when the mind is studying, making associations between phenomena and integrating data from many various elements of the mind.

A mind producing a lot of gamma waves displays advanced neural group and heightened consciousness. When monks had been requested to meditate on compassion, giant flares of gamma had been discovered of their brains (Davidson & Lutz, 2008).


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They had been in comparison with novice meditators who had meditated for an hour a day the week earlier than. The novices had mind exercise much like that of the monks. However when the monks had been instructed to evoke a sense of compassion, their brains started to fireside in rhythmic coherence, just like the viewers clapping at The Ebook of Mormon musical.

The flares of gamma waves measured within the brains of the monks had been the most important ever recorded. The monks reported getting into a state of bliss. Gamma is related to very excessive ranges of mental perform, creativity, integration, peak states, and of feeling “within the zone.” Gamma waves circulate from the entrance to the again of the mind about 40 occasions per second (Llinás, 2014). Researchers look to this oscillating wave as a neural correlate of consciousness (NCC), a state linking the mind’s exercise with the subjective expertise of consciousness (Tononi & Koch, 2015).

Mind researchers discuss in regards to the amplitude of a mind wave and that merely means how large it’s. A excessive amplitude of gamma means a giant gamma wave, whereas a low amplitude means a small one. Measurements of mind waves present peaks and valleys. The gap from the height to the trough is the amplitude. Amplitude is measured in microvolts, and mind waves usually measure between 10 and 100 microvolts, with the quicker waves like gamma having the bottom amplitude.

Gamma mind wave states are related to many useful modifications in our our bodies. A frequency of 75 Hz is epigenetic, triggering the genes that produce anti-inflammatory proteins within the physique (De Girolamo et al., 2013). On the decrease finish of the gamma spectrum, a frequency of fifty Hz leads to the physique growing its manufacturing of stem cells, the “clean” cells that differentiate into muscle, bone, pores and skin, or no matter different specialised cells are required (Ardeshirylajimi & Soleimani, 2015). The frequency of 60 Hz regulates the expression of stress genes, people who code for stress hormones like cortisol. The identical mind wave frequency additionally prompts a key gene known as Myc that in flip regulates round 15 % of all the opposite genes within the physique (Lin, Goodman, & Shirley‐Henderson, 1994).

brain-wave-frequenciesEEG mind waves from slowest to quickest.

2. Beta Mind Waves

The following quickest wave is beta (12 to 40 Hz). Beta is usually divided into two elements: excessive beta and low beta. Excessive beta is your monkey thoughts. Excessive beta (15 to 40 Hz) is the signature mind wave of individuals with anxiousness, individuals experiencing frustration, and individuals beneath stress.

The extra confused individuals turn out to be, the upper the amplitude of the beta their brains produce. Detrimental feelings equivalent to anger, worry, blame, guilt, and disgrace produce giant flares of beta waves within the EEG readout.

This shuts down the mind areas that deal with rational considering, determination making, reminiscence, and goal analysis (LeDoux, 2002). Blood circulate to the prefrontal cortex, the “considering mind,” is decreased by as much as 80 %. Starved of oxygen and vitamins, our brains’ skill to assume clearly plummets.

Low beta is the band that synchronizes our our bodies’ automated capabilities, so it’s additionally known as the sensorimotor rhythm frequency, or SMR (12 to fifteen Hz).

Beta is required for processing data and for linear considering, so regular ranges of beta mind wave states are effective.

Whenever you concentrate on fixing an issue, composing a poem, calculating the most effective path to your vacation spot, or balancing your checkbook, beta waves are your good friend. SMR represents a relaxed, targeted psychological state. It’s stress that produces excessive beta, particularly above 25 Hz.

3. Alpha Mind Waves

Alpha (8 to 12 Hz) is an optimum state of relaxed alertness. Alpha connects the upper frequencies—the considering thoughts of beta and the associative thoughts of gamma—with the 2 lowest frequency mind waves, that are theta (4 to eight Hz) and delta (0 to 4 Hz).

It seems that alpha additionally does good issues for our our bodies. It improves our ranges of mood-enhancing neurotransmitters equivalent to serotonin. When the alpha mind wave stage elevated in a gaggle of exercisers, they gained a lift in serotonin, and their emotional state was elevated (Fumoto et al., 2010). In one other research, Zen meditators obtained the identical advantages from cultivating an alpha state (Yu et al., 2011).

A pioneering research uncovered DNA to varied mind wave frequencies. It discovered that the alpha frequency of 10 Hz resulted in considerably elevated synthesis of the DNA molecule (Takahashi, Kaneko, Date, & Fukada, 1986).

4. Theta Mind Waves

Theta is attribute of deep leisure and light-weight sleep. Once we dream vividly, our eyes transfer quickly and our brains are primarily in theta. These mind waves are the frequency of speedy eye motion (REM) sleep. Theta can be the dominant frequency of individuals beneath hypnosis, healers, individuals in trances, and folks in extremely artistic states of consciousness (Kershaw & Wade, 2012). The recollection of emotional experiences, each good and unhealthy, can set off theta.

It’s the frequency mostly noticed in healers. Becker (1990) discovered that when healers had been within the midst of an power therapeutic session, theta was the most typical wave of their brains.

Theta is related to many useful modifications within the physique. A bunch of researchers studied the impact of varied frequencies on DNA restore. They discovered that electromagnetic fields between 7.5 Hz and 30 Hz had been capable of improve molecular bonding (Tekutskaya, Barishev, & Ilchenko, 2015). Inside that vary, 9 Hz proved handiest.

5. Delta Mind Waves

The slowest frequency is delta. Delta is attribute of deep sleep. Very excessive amplitudes of delta are additionally present in people who find themselves in contact with the nonlocal thoughts, even after they’re unsleeping. The brains of meditators, intuitives, and healers have rather more delta than regular.

The eyes of people who find themselves in deep dreamless sleep don’t transfer. Delta waves additionally predominate in such non-rapid eye motion (NREM) sleep.

Delta is the wave that we see in EEG readouts when persons are having a way of reference to the infinite. They usually report mystical experiences wherein the native self merges with the nonlocal self. Meditators with giant amplitudes of delta really feel related to all of nature, to different human beings, and to the infinite. They lose the sense of being an remoted particular person, or what Albert Einstein known as the delusion of separateness. As an alternative, they expertise oneness with all that’s.

When our brains are producing delta, we’re bathing our cells in a frequency that has the potential to provide an entire gamut of useful physiological modifications on the stage of our cells, from rising our telomeres and boosting our development hormone ranges to regenerating our neurons and sweeping our brains away from beta-amyloid plaques. We’re not simply having a pleasant subjective expertise; within the delta state, we’re creating an goal power setting wherein our our bodies thrive.

Awakening from On a regular basis Actuality

EEG pioneer Maxwell Cade observed that alpha, in the midst of the vary of frequencies, types a bridge between the 2 excessive frequencies of beta and gamma and the 2 low frequencies of theta and delta (Cade & Coxhead, 1979). Biofeedback and neurofeedback expertise concentrate on instructing individuals the best way to get into an alpha state. The best state is sufficient alpha to hyperlink the entire different mind rhythms collectively. Excessive beta is minimized, so that there’s little or no monkey thoughts and anxiousness. There’s a balanced quantity of gamma and theta, and a large base of delta.

A biophysicist, Cade had labored on radar for the British authorities earlier than turning his consideration to measuring states of consciousness. He developed his personal machine, the “thoughts mirror,” in 1976. It’s distinctive amongst EEG gadgets in that it gives a transparent visible snapshot of mind waves.

His scholar Anna Smart described the machine as follows: “What units the Thoughts Mirror aside from different types of electroencephalography was the curiosity, on the a part of its developer, not in pathological states (as within the case of medical gadgets), however in an optimum state known as the Woke up Thoughts. As an alternative of measuring topics with issues, the inventor of the Thoughts Mirror sought essentially the most extremely developed and spiritually aware individuals he might discover. Within the flicker of their brainwaves, he and his colleagues discovered a standard sample, whether or not the topic was a yogi, a Zen grasp or a healer.”

The Woke up Thoughts

Utilizing the thoughts mirror, over 20 years, Cade recorded the mind wave patterns of greater than 4,000 individuals with sturdy religious practices. He discovered the Woke up Thoughts state was frequent on this group. Cade additionally observed one other similarity: all of them had excessive quantities of alpha mind waves. As famous, alpha waves are proper in the midst of the spectrum, with beta and gamma above, and theta and delta under. When somebody within the Woke up Thoughts state has a lot of alpha, it creates a hyperlink between the excessive mind wave frequencies above and the low frequencies under. Cade known as this the alpha bridge, as a result of it bridges the aware thoughts frequencies of beta with the unconscious and unconscious thoughts frequencies of theta and delta. This enables a circulate of consciousness, integrating all the degrees of thoughts.

Cade wrote: “The awakening of consciousness is like steadily awakening from sleep and turning into increasingly more vividly conscious of on a regular basis actuality—solely it’s on a regular basis actuality from which we’re awakening!” (Cade & Coxhead, 1979).

I developed a meditation technique known as EcoMeditation that’s quite simple, but it’s persistently and mechanically capable of carry individuals into the Woke up Thoughts EEG sample. EcoMeditation makes use of EFT tapping to clear obstacles to leisure. It then takes you thru a sequence of straightforward bodily leisure workouts that ship indicators of security to the mind and physique. It doesn’t depend on perception or philosophy; as an alternative, it’s based mostly on sending the physique physiological cues that produce deeply relaxed states of consciousness mechanically. The directions are free at

Throughout EcoMeditation, we see a lot of delta mind waves as effectively. Delta is the place we join with many assets above and past the native self. As famous, individuals in trance states, in addition to healers, artists, musicians, and intuitives, are likely to have loads of delta.

These in a artistic trance, equivalent to a composer making music or a baby at play, often have a lot of delta waves. They lose all consciousness of the outer world as they turn out to be absorbed of their creativity. They’re principally in delta, with some theta and alpha, and simply sufficient beta to perform (Gruzelier, 2009).

It’s been fascinating to me to talk to individuals whose mind wave states present a excessive amplitude of delta waves throughout meditation. They report transcendent experiences. They describe feeling one with the universe, an beautiful sense of concord and well-being (Johnson, 2011). Albert Einstein referred to this as an expansive state of consciousness wherein we “embrace all dwelling creatures and the entire of nature.” Scientists may be mystics too!

When Consciousness Modifications, Mind Waves Change

The power fields of mind waves and the matter of neural pathways are in a always evolving dance. When states of consciousness change, mind waves change and completely different neural pathways are engaged.

The extremes are love and worry. Once we’re in a state of worry, our alpha bridge disappears. We should have theta and delta, however we’re minimize off from the assets of our unconscious thoughts and its reference to the common entire. Beta waves flood the fearful mind. It’s in survival mode.

Once we’re in a state of bliss, our brains present the Woke up Thoughts sample. A step past, they’ll additionally transfer to a symmetrical sample Cade known as the Developed Thoughts. As our consciousness is crammed with love, our brains perform very otherwise, with giant quantities of theta and delta, plus an alpha bridge to attach our aware with our unconscious thoughts.

Feelings create mind states. Mind waves measure the fields generated by consciousness. Passing indicators via the neural bundles engaged by love, pleasure, and concord creates a attribute power area (Wright, 2017). When monitoring the brains of individuals doing EcoMeditation, EEG professional Judith Pennington noticed that “theta and delta progressed their patterns from the Woke up Thoughts to the Developed Thoughts state.”

Feelings additionally create neurotransmitters. Amongst these are serotonin, dopamine, endorphins, oxytocin, and anandamide (Kotler & Wheal, 2017). Serotonin is related to satisfaction, and dopamine with a sensation of reward. Endorphins block ache and enhance pleasure. Oxytocin is the “bonding hormone,” and it stimulates emotions of closeness and intimacy with others. Anandamide known as the “bliss molecule,” and it’s named after the Sanskrit phrase for happiness. It binds to the identical receptors within the mind as THC, the first psychoactive molecule in marijuana. When the thoughts modifications, it creates molecular information within the type of these neurotransmitters. As they flood our brains, we really feel happy, safe, bonded, blissful, and serene. When our minds enter elevated emotional states, we’re actually getting excessive—on medication produced by our our bodies.

Consciousness Shifts the Means the Mind Processes Info

Once we meditate, faucet (EFT), use one other type of power psychology, or in any other case shift our consciousness, the mind modifications rapidly. The mind may be deliberately modified by the thoughts, particularly by what is called consideration coaching (Schwartz & Begley, 2002). True transformation repatterns neural pathways. Finally, your complete state of the mind shifts and establishes a brand new and wholesome stage of homeostasis.

One analysis workforce notes that “an accelerating variety of research within the neuroimaging literature considerably help the thesis that… with acceptable coaching and energy, individuals can systematically alter neural circuitry related to quite a lot of psychological and bodily states which are frankly pathological” (Schwartz, Stapp, & Beauregard, 2005). We will take our dysfunctional mind networks and alter them with our minds.

It’s not simply mystics and healers who produce giant alpha bridges and theta mind wave flares after they’re in ecstatic states. Teams for whom excessive efficiency is vital are discovering that tuning the mind on this approach produces large leaps in achievement. U.S. Navy SEALs have to function successfully in quickly altering fight circumstances. Utilizing tens of millions of {dollars} of superior EEG gear in a “Thoughts Health club” specifically constructed in Norfolk, Virginia, they study to enter a state they name ecstasis (Cohen, 2017). As soon as they “flip the swap” into ecstasis, their brains are in a state of circulate, an altered actuality wherein super-performance turns into potential. Different peak performers, equivalent to elite courtroom attorneys, Olympic athletes, and Google executives, additionally practice themselves to enter ecstasis.

The traits of those circulate states are described within the e-book Stealing Fireplace (Kotler & Wheal, 2017). Amongst them are selflessness and timelessness. Individuals in ecstasis transcend the boundaries of native thoughts. EEG readings present that the prefrontal cortex of their brains, the seat of a way of self, shuts down. Beta-wave psychological chatter ceases. They acquire distance from the anxious obsessions of native thoughts. Their inner chemistry modifications as “feel-good” neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, anandamide, and oxytocin flood their brains.

On this state, they acquire a nonlocal perspective. They’re open to an infinite vary of potential choices and outcomes. The self, relatively than being trapped in a restricted fastened native actuality, is ready to attempt on completely different prospects. This “knocks out filters we usually apply to incoming data,” resulting in associative leaps that facilitate drawback fixing and super-creativity. Kotler and Wheal (2017) evaluation the analysis on the efficiency features produced by these mind wave states. These embrace a 490 % enchancment in psychological focus, a doubling of creativity, and a 500 % enhance in productiveness.

Commonalities in Mystical Expertise

The neuroscientists I’ve labored with have instructed skilled meditators to supply prearranged indicators throughout meditation, equivalent to tapping their forefinger thrice after they really feel the expertise of oneness. We will time-stamp this spot on the EEG readout. This has allowed us to correlate their inner expertise with mind states.

Throughout ecstasis, whether or not discovered within the historic accounts of Tukaram or the fashionable experiences of the Navy SEALs, individuals have frequent experiences. These are linked to neurotransmitters: getting into a state of bliss (anandamide), a way of detachment from the physique that encapsulates the native self (endorphins), the native self bonding with the nonlocal universe (oxytocin), serenity (serotonin), and the reward of being modified by the expertise (dopamine).

These are the traits of upgraded minds, and we now have EEGs and neurotransmitter assays to measure the modifications they produce in matter. Up to now, ecstatic states had been attainable solely by mystics, and it took many years of research, rigorous apply, ascetic self-discipline, and religious initiation. Immediately, “we now know the exact changes to physique and mind that allow us recreate them for ourselves” at will; expertise is offering us with “a Cliff Notes model of… the best way to encounter the divine” (Kotler & Wheal, 2017). Immediately, the highest-performing people within the fields of sports activities, enterprise, fight, science, meditation, and artwork are inducing them routinely. Tomorrow, as we map the physiology of those states and switch ecstasis right into a learnable talent, they are going to be out there to everybody.

Excerpted with permission from Thoughts to Matter: The Astonishing Science of How Your Mind Creates Materials Actuality by Dawson Church, Ph.D. Obtainable on-line at and


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