Opioid levels in US wastewater spiked during the early pandemic months



Pharmacy label for prescription hydrocodone pills. Hydrocodone is an opioid derived from codeine and thiamine. Hydrocodone is an orally active narcotic analgesic (pain reliever) and antitussive (cough suppressant)

Ranges of hydrocodone, an opioid painkiller, elevated in US sewage through the covid-19 pandemic


Use of some illicit medication decreased within the US through the early phases of the coronavirus pandemic, whereas prescription opioid use skyrocketed, in keeping with an evaluation of wastewater.

Bikram Subedi

and colleagues at Murray State College in Kentucky analysed wastewater gathered from two communities in western Kentucky and northern Tennessee between March and July 2020.

Wastewater is water flushed down bathrooms and sinks from houses that finally ends up at a sewage therapy plant. “Wastewater has many alternative …


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