The Nazi propaganda ministry declared the bombing a “terror assault,” circulating reviews that as much as 200,000 folks had perished. The determine continued for many years, although researchers now put the casualties nearer to 25,000.
Germany’s far proper has lengthy leveraged a way of German victimhood to advertise a revisionist view of the Nazi period. Each February, neo-Nazis march in Dresden to commemorate the bombing. Franco A., who says his personal grandmother witnessed the Dresden bombing, weighs it towards the Holocaust in voice memos he recorded.
Could 7, 1945: Germany surrenders
After the bombing of Dresden, Allied troops marched towards Berlin, liberating focus camps alongside the way in which. With defeat imminent, Hitler killed himself on April 30, 1945. Quickly after, on Could 7, Gen. Alfred Jodl introduced the unconditional give up of German forces.
Main figures within the Nazi regime had been placed on trial for crimes towards humanity. The Nuremberg Trials, as this postwar judicial course of was recognized, had been a public reckoning for German battle crimes adopted all over the world.
Sept. 21 and Oct. 7, 1949: West and East Germany are based
After Germany was defeated, its territory was divided and occupied by American, British, French and Soviet forces. By 1949, the Western powers consolidated their three zones into the Federal Republic of Germany, referred to as West Germany, whereas the Soviets shaped the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany.
The Western powers superior an agenda of democratization — but additionally allowed many former Nazis to maintain their jobs in authorities and in enterprise. A extra full reckoning with the horrors of the Holocaust wouldn’t come for over a decade.
In East Germany, the Soviets had been much more aggressive in looking down former Nazis, whilst the brand new nation got here beneath more and more remoted communist rule.