A Double Killing in Florida. An American On The Run In Ukraine.


The staccato crack of gunfire rang out throughout the cloudy evening, startling residents of a modest enclave in southwestern Florida.

Lee County sheriff’s deputies, responding to a flood of 911 calls, raced to the world, however at the hours of darkness they have been unable to search out the place the capturing had taken place. It wasn’t till the following morning, when workers of a close-by enterprise complicated referred to as the Galleria found the crime scene.

Fifty-year-old Deana Lorenzo was discovered slumped over within the passenger seat of a pink GMC truck, shot in her head, neck, and stomach. Serafin “Danny” Lorenzo, 52, lay supine on the bloody pavement close to the automobile’s passenger aspect with bullet wounds to his head and decrease physique.

Gunmen had fired no fewer than 63 rounds in a matter of seconds. The Lorenzos by no means had an opportunity.


Courtesy of the Lorenzo household

Deana and Serafin Lorenzo in an undated picture

Simply 20 hours earlier than their deaths, the Brooksville, Florida, couple, each army veterans, believed they have been on the verge of an enormous payday. That they had answered a categorized advert on the web site Armslist.com, hoping to attain 5 Glocks, an Uzi, and extra weapons and components.

The itemizing mentioned: “For Sale: Tons Of Weapons. Leaving the nation quickly. Seeking to sale [sic] all my weapons as I can’t take them with me.”

The Lorenzos usually made offers collectively, flipping homes or searching for antiques. Serafin Lorenzo additionally purchased and resold weapons for revenue, and he knew a superb deal when he noticed one. He wrote the vendor, a person calling himself Jeremy Goldstein, to supply an Oris-brand watch or money. Goldstein declined the watch.

“I’ve money readily available,” Lorenzo replied, providing to pay $3,000 for the arsenal. He added, “Mine is a certain deal.”

There was no Goldstein, and there could be no deal, however the Lorenzos didn’t know this.

As a substitute, in response to the FBI, Craig Lang, 30, and Alex Zwiefelhofer, 23, have been mendacity in wait at the hours of darkness of the secluded, palm tree–lined enterprise complicated, the agreed-upon assembly level within the small Florida city of Estero.

The 2 males had served within the US army and bought years of specialised coaching earlier than they abandoned. They later traveled to Ukraine to combat in an armed battle with right-wing extremists, grew more and more radicalized, and returned to the US with plans to get again on a battlefield in fast order. However they wanted cash. All informed, US courtroom information describe a string of violent exploits, crimes, and misadventures stretching throughout a number of states and 4 continents.

Specialists on extremism have been following, with rising concern, the actions of largely younger far-right extremists with army backgrounds who search out international wars to achieve combating expertise. They’ve seen how these soldiers-for-hire get radicalized after which carry residence what they discovered in troubled, distant lands like Ukraine. The nation has emerged as an vital hub within the transnational white supremacy extremism community.

Far-right extremists see the conflict zone there as a laboratory the place they’ll achieve precise fight expertise to deliver again residence. For a time, Lang thrived on this murky world of violence, however an examination of his life and the crimes he’s accused of committing present a stark instance of the affect of 1 American’s radicalization.

A Ukrainian soldier stands at his frontline place within the Donetsk area in 2014.Sergii Kharchenko / NurPhoto by way of Getty Pictures

Jap Ukraine, an space roughly the dimensions of West Virginia, is a land of extremes. Summers there can get scorching sufficient to fry an egg on the road and winters chilly sufficient to toss boiling water into the air and watch it rework right into a frozen powder. Its huge steppes are blanketed in golden sunflowers and flecked by black mud from coal mines and hulking metal factories. And up to now seven years, some Four million Ukrainians have tried to go on with their lives amid a brutal conflict.

It was there in April 2014, two months after the Moscow-friendly Ukrainian president was overthrown by revolutionaries in Kyiv, {that a} Russian particular forces operation took maintain. Disguised as an area rebellion, it exploded into an all-out conflict that killed greater than 13,000 folks over the course of seven years. With simply 6,000 combat-ready troops, Ukraine’s underfunded, underequipped, and unprepared army was no match for the way more subtle Kremlin-backed insurgency.

Dozens of volunteer paramilitary models, together with hardened right-wing nationalists and neo-Nazis, leaped into the fray to halt the Russian advance. Among the many most outstanding: Proper Sector, a bunch that answered to no state authority.


Sergii Kharchenko / Pacific Press by way of Getty Pictures

Dmytro Yarosh, Proper Sector’s founder and first commander

The battalion’s commander was Dmytro Yarosh, a stocky man with stubble and a slight lisp, whose aim was to construct a rustic for ethnic Ukrainians. An avowed follower of Stepan Bandera, a Ukrainian Nazi collaborator who fought Soviet rule within the 1930s and 1940s, Yarosh impressed and mobilized upward of three,000 Proper Sector fighters who shared his imaginative and prescient.

A lot of them boasted tattoos of swastikas, Black Suns, and different Nazi symbols, they usually have been usually seen making the “Sieg heil” salute. Human rights teams and Western governments accused them of torturing combatants and civilians, notoriety that solely raised the group’s profile.

Extremists started pouring into the nation to affix its ranks and people of different far-right paramilitary formations. Amongst them have been roughly 40 People, in response to interviews with seven of the lads, analysis from consultants, information stories, open-source data, and courtroom information. Most of the People held far-right views and a propensity for violence, and have been looking for a brand new starting after a collection of failures within the US.

Craig Lang was one in all them.

Lang had joined the Military in 2008 to flee his troubled childhood in North Carolina, which included 5 years in a foster residence, in response to his father, Donald Lang. (In Ukrainian courtroom, Craig Lang described assaulting a trainer.)

Pals say Lang informed them the Military was his finest means out. He served within the infantry from November 2008 to June 2014, finishing excursions in Iraq and Afghanistan, the place his Humvee struck a roadside bomb. “I used to be able, a spherical got here in, it exploded, and induced a mind harm,” Lang would later inform the Ukrainian courtroom. “I’ve issues with imaginative and prescient in my left eye. I usually have issues with complications.”

Lang arrived in Ukraine in Might 2015, searching for journey and violence.

On the identical time, his marriage was imploding. His spouse, who’d been his highschool sweetheart, filed for divorce. Based on information stories, Lang believed she was seeing different males.

In 2013, he abandoned his posting at Fort Bliss in El Paso, Texas, and drove nonstop to his spouse’s residence in North Carolina, along with his army physique armor, evening imaginative and prescient goggles, claymore mines, and two assault rifles in tow. He needed to kill his spouse, he later informed a journalist.

“Craig went frickin’ ballistic,” one Military colleague informed me.

Lang’s spouse was not harmed. Police had been alerted to his unsanctioned journey and arrested him at his father’s residence. Donald Lang informed an area information channel that his son had “developed PTSD” since coming back from Iraq and Afghanistan.

He was jailed for a number of weeks after the incident after which returned to El Paso. On June 4, 2014, he was dishonorably discharged from the Military. A spokesperson declined to touch upon the phrases of the discharge (or to substantiate his accidents), but it surely value Lang his veterans advantages, medical insurance, and gun license. On prime of that, his spouse finalized the divorce, took possession of his truck and residential, filed a restraining order in opposition to him, and received custody of their baby.

In searching for the restraining order, his spouse wrote: “I concern for my security and the security of my two-and-a-half-year-old. Craig has demonstrated violent conduct directed in direction of me and others on many events.” She mentioned he had beforehand tried to suffocate her with a pillow in entrance of their toddler, threatened to kill her, and despatched her a textual content message about attempting to kill himself.

After being discharged from the Military, he struggled to search out work, taking odd jobs that always solely lasted for weeks at a time, associates of Lang’s informed me. In 2015, mired in debt and with none profitable prospects, he got here throughout an article in regards to the conflict in Ukraine. It described the Ukrainian army’s wrestle to carry again the larger and stronger Russian military, and the international fighters streaming into the nation to combat with far-right volunteer battalions.

He arrived in Ukraine in Might 2015, searching for journey and violence.

Lang carries a bag of moist firewood to his unit’s bunker exterior Donetsk.Timo Vogt / EST&OST/span>

Lang mentioned he was barely off the prepare within the war-torn area of jap Ukraine when a member of Proper Sector handed him a loaded AK-47.

The following morning, he was deployed to a place only a few miles from the Russia-controlled metropolis of Donetsk, a key stronghold the place a number of the most intense combating was happening.

“I personally selected Proper Sector as a result of I assumed they have been probably the most lively on the entrance line,” Lang informed BuzzFeed Information. (Lang and I communicated by way of social media and in particular person on not less than 4 events over two years however he at all times declined my requests to be interviewed. Nevertheless, he did converse briefly to a Ukrainian reporter BuzzFeed Information despatched to cowl courtroom proceedings in March.)

With out the flexibility to talk Russian or Ukrainian, Lang caught near the few English-speaking Ukrainians and a handful of different People and Europeans within the Proper Sector.

An American volunteer who fought with Lang described him, two of his closest American companions, and two Austrians as “maniacs” who “received their rocks off” firing Kalashnikov automated rifles or the battalion’s machine gun and shoulder-fired rocket-propelled grenade launchers. The 5 males referred to as their close-knit squad “Job Drive Pluto” after the Greek god of the underworld. An American fighter who wasn’t a part of Pluto however hung across the males informed me that they had a “fetish for loss of life and torture.”

A freelance German photographer visited the Proper Sector base in early 2016. One in every of his photos exhibits Lang — 6 ft 2 inches tall, with a craning neck, sapphire-blue eyes, mild hair, and an untamed amber beard — holding up a photograph of his daughter.

In one other picture of Lang, a tattoo of the phrases “MOLON LABE” — an historical Greek expression of defiance that interprets to “come and take them,” a phrase that has been adopted by Second Modification activists and conservatives within the US — is seen on his proper forearm as he shakes the hand of a person with the identical tattoo on his arm.


Timo Vogt / EST&OST

Lang and one other man show their “MOLON LABE” tattoos.

A 3rd image exhibits Lang beside a member of the unit who’s giving a Nazi salute.

American fighters who knew Lang mentioned that between gun battles, the lads of Job Drive Pluto would deliver up their “troubling” political opinions over low-cost Ukrainian booze and cigarettes — and that Lang’s politics and conduct grew extra radical. He would usually defy his commanders’ orders and try to impress the enemy right into a gunfight, they mentioned. One in every of them mentioned that Lang’s lack of self-discipline was largely why his two-month stint later as a contract soldier in Ukraine’s Armed Forces didn’t pan out.

Talking with BuzzFeed Information, Lang mentioned he didn’t “have any extremist political opinions.”

However Damien Rodriguez, a Bronx native who beforehand fought with a far-right Ukrainian unit and crossed paths with Lang on the battlefield, recalled it very in another way.

“A few of the issues he mentioned made me assume, Dude, I don’t wanna be subsequent to you proper now,” he mentioned. “He was telling me about beginning a revolution” within the US. “It was loopy.”

Lang, he mentioned, needed to “watch the world burn.”

Lang appreciated to boast about “fucking folks up” and doing “extrajudicial shit” within the conflict zone, particularly to enemy combatants captured by Proper Sector. 

David Plaster, one other American who fought within the ranks of Ukrainian volunteer battalions with Lang, mentioned in an interview that Lang appreciated to boast about “fucking folks up” and doing “extrajudicial shit” within the conflict zone, particularly to enemy combatants captured by Proper Sector.

Throughout his downtime, Lang spent hours responding to Fb messages he obtained from different People who have been hoping to combat alongside far-right extremists. These prospects had seen him in interviews with Ukrainian and Western media. Footage of him firing a machine gun or standing beside artillery made him right into a form of people hero amongst Ukrainians and wayward younger males again residence within the US.

Based on Brian Boyenger, an Iraq Struggle veteran who served as a sniper in Ukraine from 2015 to 2016 alongside Lang within the nation’s Armed Forces, Lang was the primary level of contact in Ukraine for a lot of “misplaced boys” who got here to the nation to combat.

Boyenger mentioned he acted as an unofficial human assets supervisor of kinds, interviewing dozens of the fighters Lang had recruited. He turned lots of them down, he mentioned, for being “radicals” or “too keen” to achieve real-life fight expertise.

One of many prospects Boyenger rejected was a South Carolina native named Jarrett William Smith, who informed me in a letter that he was interested in the neo-Nazi imagery of Ukraine’s far-right battalions and had reached out to Lang whereas nonetheless in highschool. Smith by no means made it to Ukraine, though he nonetheless hopes to go there and combat sometime. As a substitute, he enlisted within the US Military and in September 2019 discovered himself dealing with severe federal fees for allegedly serving to far-right extremists. Prosecutors mentioned he despatched recipes for do-it-yourself napalm on the social networking website Telegram and mentioned plans to assassinate former Home consultant Beto O’Rourke and blow up the places of work of CNN. He later pleaded responsible and was sentenced to 2 and a half years in jail, the place he now resides.

The roughly 40 People who’re recognized to have gone to Ukraine vary in age from their early twenties to mid-fifties, and a few have ties with far-right extremist teams within the US. A number of with far-left affiliations have joined Russia-backed forces.

In October, I reported that Kyiv deported two American males who have been tied to Atomwaffen Division and the Base, stateside neo-Nazi teams linked to violent crimes together with homicide and alleged plots to assault US nuclear services. A minimum of one in all them has since returned to the US.

Ukrainian safety providers informed me that the People had tried to arrange an area department and join with members of the nation’s Azov Battalion, a bunch of far-right radicals and neo-Nazis that has been accused of torture and conflict crimes. (The group is now formally part of Ukraine’s Nationwide Guard and has been renamed the Azov Regiment.)

Members of “Job Drive Pluto.” Entrance, from left: Austrians Benjamin Fischer and Alex Kirschbaum. Again, from left: People Quinn Rickert, Craig Lang, and Santi Pirtle.Timo Vogt / EST&OST

Kacper Rekawek, a researcher on the nonprofit Counter Extremism Undertaking and the creator of a 2020 report on right-wing international fighters in Ukraine, informed me that European intelligence companies started taking discover years in the past of extremists going to the nation. Italy, Spain, Czechia, and the United Kingdom are amongst a number of nations which have arrested and prosecuted residents who fought with teams in jap Ukraine and returned residence.

“These guys mission their fantasies onto the conflict in Ukraine,” Rekawek mentioned. “They are saying, ‘We went there as a result of we thought we might stay our lives the best way we wish to.’ They’re like ISIS in that means.”

Mollie Saltskog, a senior analyst who tracks international fighters on the Soufan Group, a New York–primarily based safety consultancy, worries about what occurs once they depart the conflict. “The query is, what do they wish to do after leaving Ukraine? Some wish to make extra of a lateral profession transfer and change into a profession mercenary — however then the individuals who return to Europe and the US, how are they utilizing their newfound talent and newfound community?”

“These guys mission their fantasies onto the conflict in Ukraine. They are saying, ‘We went there as a result of we thought we might stay our lives the best way we wish to.’ They’re like ISIS in that means.” 

Nathan Gross sales, the previous ambassador-at-large and coordinator for counterterrorism on the State Division, informed me final summer season whereas nonetheless in his put up that the US had been monitoring stories of American white supremacist fighters in Ukraine “very intently.”

He pointed to feedback by FBI Director Christopher Wray, who mentioned in October 2019 that his company was watching “racially motivated violent extremists connecting with like-minded people on-line definitely, and in some cases … journey[ing] abroad to coach.”

That tracks with what 4 American fighters informed me about their encounters with federal brokers once they returned to the US. They mentioned they have been pulled apart in airports and questioned about their motivations for combating in a international conflict, their affiliations with Ukraine’s far-right extremist teams, and their private beliefs and ideologies. However the intervention didn’t have a lot impact.

“They query me: What was I doing? Blah blah blah,” one American fighter informed me. “I inform them I don’t have something to cover. Then they let me go. Each time.”


By summer season 2017, when the conflict in Ukraine had cooled to a low simmer, Lang informed different American fighters that he was rising bored of the monotony of trench warfare. Alex Zwiefelhofer, an American fighter who joined the Proper Sector after deserting the US Military and connecting with Lang on-line, was getting stressed too. Based on US courtroom paperwork, they hatched a plan that June: journey to East Africa to combat al-Shabaab, a jihadist terrorist group allied with al-Qaeda.

Claiming to be journalists, the 2 males made it solely so far as the Kenya–South Sudan border earlier than the South Sudan Folks’s Defence Forces reportedly detained them. They have been arrested for attempting to cross with out correct paperwork and thrown in a Nairobi jail for nearly two months.

“So, week six of African jail. simply contracted cholera,” Zwiefelhofer complained in a July 2017 Fb put up he managed to publish from a cellphone he mentioned he smuggled in.

Lang’s passport was marked by US authorities with a black stamp, rendering it invalid, because of unpaid baby help. Weeks later, the 2 of them have been deported again to the US; Lang was despatched to Shock, Arizona, the place his mom lived on the time.

In the meantime, Zwiefelhofer bumped into extra severe hassle. Whereas Customs and Border Safety brokers interrogated him on the airport in Charlotte, North Carolina, about his international army exploits in Ukraine and South Sudan, they found baby sexual abuse imagery on his cellphone, courtroom information present. He was booked into jail on fees of sexual exploitation of a minor earlier than being launched on bond and fleeing to Wisconsin. That case remains to be pending.

Because the months glided by, Lang and Zwiefelhofer grew stressed once more. The pair craved the exhilaration they received from combating abroad, their acquaintances informed me. They began speaking about returning to Ukraine or going to Venezuela to combat alongside anti-government rebels who have been attempting to overthrow socialist President Nicolás Maduro.

Starting in March 2018, they exchanged Fb messages and hatched plans to fulfill in Miami, in response to courtroom information.

And from there, plans for the following battlefield.

A room on the La Quinta Inn in Miami, Florida.Eve Edelheit for BuzzFeed Information

After Lang and Zwiefelhofer arrived in Miami by bus on April 5, 2018, they did what many vacationers who come to South Florida do: don tropical shirts and snap selfies.

Inside a La Quinta Inn in Miami, nestled between a Denny’s, a Wendy’s, and a McDonald’s close to town’s worldwide airport, Lang slipped right into a button-up shirt patterned with navy and lightweight blue hibiscus flowers. Zwiefelhofer placed on a shirt adorned with yellow, pink, pink, and inexperienced martini glasses. Then the pair took selfies in opposition to the purple, black, and white decor of room 210.

However they didn’t pack like typical vacationers. Collectively, they introduced not less than 4 semiautomatic Glock pistols, one high-powered rifle, and a whole bunch of bullets.

Within the weeks earlier than, courtroom information present, Lang and Zwiefelhofer had mentioned smuggling weapons and ammunition to Miami, shopping for physique armor at a army surplus retailer, committing robberies, hot-wiring and stealing a yacht, and escaping to South America or Ukraine. Based on the FBI, the pair mentioned they may “kill a yacht proprietor if essential” to make their getaway.

What the lads did subsequent in room 210, with the fluorescent mild of fast-food indicators glinting by means of the curtains, was like one thing from a Coen brothers movie. After analyzing Lang’s laptop computer, the FBI discovered that the 2 males had googled “categorized Miami handguns,” “hotwire boat ignition swap,” and “tips on how to smuggle myself to South America.” After which they watched a scene in a Hollywood motion film the place shooters ambush passengers in a sitting automobile.

On April 7, authorities say, the lads used Lang’s laptop computer to put up a categorized advert on Armslist.com underneath the identify Jeremy Goldstein, providing to promote 5 Glock handguns, one Star pistol, one Uzi, and 4 higher and 4 decrease receivers for AR-15 assault rifles.

Somewhat over 24 hours later, at 12:10 a.m. on April 9, 2018, Serafin Lorenzo texted with the person he believed was Goldstein to inquire in regards to the firearms.

The following night, authorities say, Lang and Zwiefelhofer drove west in a rented Toyota Corolla on Interstate 75. Higher generally known as Alligator Alley, the flat and dependable 80-mile stretch of pavement cuts by means of the Everglades. Round 10 p.m., they arrived on the Galleria complicated in Estero.

Serafin Lorenzo had informed a member of the family the evening earlier than how excited he was in regards to the deal, saying he thought $3,000 for the haul was a steal and he might promote all of it for greater than twice that a lot, the member of the family informed me in an interview.

The member of the family mentioned they expressed concern in regards to the association, telling Serafin that it didn’t sound correct. The member of the family nonetheless remembers his reply: “It is a legit factor. Belief me.”

At 10:44 p.m., Serafin Lorenzo backed the couple’s pink GMC truck right into a parking spot reverse a church and despatched a textual content to the quantity for Goldstein saying he and Deana Lorenzo have been there. Lower than 10 minutes later, the Lorenzos fell underneath a lethal hail of bullets. The gunmen ambushed them from the rear and passenger aspect; federal investigators famous how related this was to the film scene Lang and Zwiefelhofer had watched.

Purple-hot rounds pierced the victims’ our bodies, penetrated the trunks of palm timber throughout the parking zone, and blew by means of workplace home windows.


Obtained by BuzzFeed Information

Sheriff’s deputies are seen by means of a bullet-pierced window on the scene of the Estero, Florida, capturing.

Based on the Lorenzo member of the family, Deana was recognized to hold a pink pistol. A legislation enforcement official informed that relative that Deana shot on the assailants not less than as soon as.

When the sheriff’s deputies arrived and cordoned off the scene the following morning, they discovered the Lorenzos’ our bodies, a truck shot filled with holes, Serafin’s cellphone and brown leather-based pockets, and a invoice of sale for the firearms transaction he thought would happen.

The $3,000 money Serafin Lorenzo withdrew was gone.

Authorities mentioned Zwiefelhofer’s cellphone information and the rented Corolla’s GPS system confirmed the pair had fled the identical means that they had come — by means of Alligator Alley, vanishing into the darkness.

A view of Interstate 75, also called Alligator Alley, in FloridaEve Edelheit for BuzzFeed Information

After the killings, Lang and Zwiefelhofer have been on the run — however to not South America as that they had deliberate.

As a substitute, they traveled to Washington state, the place Lang bought 50 firearm magazines, roughly 550 rounds of rifle ammunition, and several other rifle elements — gadgets that the FBI mentioned Lang had beforehand supplied to Serafin Lorenzo — for $1,500 at Palace Jewellery and Mortgage, a Seattle pawnshop, in response to courtroom paperwork and an extradition request for Lang.

Afterward, authorities mentioned, Lang went to North Carolina to stick with his mom and Zwiefelhofer headed residence to Bloomer, Wisconsin.

In August 2018, 4 months after the Lorenzos have been killed, Lang contacted Matthew McCloud, a fellow Military veteran he knew from his time at Fort Bliss. McCloud, who described for me watching Lang shoot an AK-47 at life-size posters of then-president Barack Obama and Miley Cyrus whereas stationed in Texas, mentioned that Lang first reached out to him earlier than the Lorenzo killings. Lang satisfied him to come back to Miami to fulfill him and Zwiefelhofer after which journey overseas to combat.

However McCloud received picked up for verify fraud in Arkansas earlier than he might depart for the rendezvous. Upon his launch, he was in a position to meet up with Lang in North Carolina and pay two different males for paperwork that might assist him and Lang set up new identities to journey abroad. The weapons marketed within the Armslist put up have been a part of the cost, McCloud informed me and federal brokers. He mentioned Lang didn’t get a passport as a result of he crammed out a part of the appliance incorrectly and received “spooked” when the employee processing the paperwork started questioning whether or not he was who he claimed to be.

McCloud informed me he flew from Atlanta to Kyiv, alone, on Sept. 17, 2018, however he didn’t prefer it there. Inside days, he was arranging to go away and meet up with Lang, who had determined to go forward along with his plan to go to South America, even with out a new passport.

On Sept. 24, in response to McCloud and federal authorities, Lang smudged the black stamp in his passport — put there by US authorities when he was deported from Kenya — and used the canceled doc to cross on foot from El Paso into Juárez, Mexico. Later that day, Lang caught a flight to Mexico Metropolis. He hopped on one other to Bogotá, Colombia, the next day.

McCloud adopted him to Bogotá on Oct. 12, saying his arrival on Fb with a photograph of the 2 of them sporting matching black-and-tan outfits on a church sq. beneath a darkened sky. However McCloud instantly received chilly ft about combating the Venezuelan authorities. On Oct. 22, he crossed into Texas by way of Mexico and was arrested by the US Marshals Service.

“He has executed so many good issues in all features of life. He’s additionally very troubled due to conflict. It induced him to do some very unspeakable issues.”

McCloud informed investigators that he had determined to abort the plan as a result of he “didn’t wish to kill folks.”

In custody, he turned in opposition to Lang. He knowledgeable FBI brokers that Lang had informed him that he and Zwiefelhofer had killed the Lorenzos and that they “unloaded each of their clips into the dude’s pink truck.”

McCloud additionally informed the FBI that Lang had boasted about killing a “boat captain” — who was purported to take him and Zwiefelhofer from Miami to South America — in a battle over cash. Native and federal authorities declined to reply my questions on that alleged killing. And I wasn’t capable of finding a killing within the Miami space matching McCloud’s description.

McCloud, who later pleaded responsible to conspiracy to commit passport fraud, described Lang to me as somebody fighting “demons.” He mentioned in an interview that he feared for his security after cooperating within the case in opposition to Lang.

“He has executed so many good issues in all features of life,” McCloud mentioned. “He’s additionally very troubled due to conflict. It induced him to do some very unspeakable issues. He confided in me some very grotesque particulars. I can’t actually elaborate on what I do know for authorized and security causes.”

Lang, for causes which might be nonetheless unexplained, by no means made it to Venezuela both. As a substitute, he headed again to Ukraine.

Alex Zwiefelhofer’s Instagram put upScreenshot / Instagram

Zwiefelhofer, in the meantime, was having fun with his freedom again in Bloomer, the place he lived along with his father.

“Feeling cute, would possibly be part of and extremely nationalist militia or make the military occasions later, idk,” reads a photograph he posted on Instagram on April 14, 2019, which exhibits him sporting reflective sun shades and capturing earmuffs with a pistol in his hand at what seems to be a gun vary. “Its only a meme guys I swear,” he wrote within the caption.

Little did he know, federal authorities have been on his path.

Weeks earlier, Zwiefelhofer, who nonetheless had excellent fees in opposition to him associated to baby intercourse abuse supplies, had crammed out a kind with false data whereas attempting to purchase a gun, the FBI mentioned. Legislation enforcement officers swooped in and arrested him on Might 23.


Pinellas County Sheriff’s Workplace by way of AP

Zwiefelhofer’s reserving picture from the Pinellas County Sheriff’s Workplace

A search of his residence led to a breakthrough within the Lorenzo case when brokers found Lang’s laptop computer. A e-book draft titled “Craig’s life,” which included passages about combating in Ukraine, was saved on the pc. Within the doc, brokers discovered additional proof that they’d use in opposition to Lang and Zwiefelhofer in Florida.

Zwiefelhofer voluntarily agreed to talk to federal brokers, in response to a US extradition request for Lang. He admitted he was in Florida when the Lorenzos have been killed and had deliberate to journey from Miami to Venezuela and combat the federal government there. He additionally mentioned Lang was with him in Florida.

However Zwiefelhofer denied establishing the Armslist advert — regardless that it was tied to an e mail he used and its related Fb web page, which featured a profile picture of him within the La Quinta Inn resort room in Miami. He additionally mentioned he by no means traveled to the Galleria complicated in Estero.

Zwiefelhofer has pleaded not responsible to murdering the Lorenzos; by means of his lawyer, D. Todd Doss, Zwiefelhofer declined a request for an interview. Prosecutors have argued that Zwiefelhofer poses a severe flight danger and hazard to the neighborhood, and he stays in custody, awaiting a June 1 trial date in Fort Myers, Florida.

Prosecutors for the US Legal professional’s Workplace for the Center District of Florida have urged they’ll search the loss of life penalty for each Zwiefelhofer and Lang.

Lang (heart) mingles with Ukrainian Proper Sector fighters after a courtroom listening to to contemplate his extradition on the Kyiv Court docket of Enchantment on Feb 18, 2021. Oksana Parafeniuk for BuzzFeed Information

In Kyiv — conscious of Zwiefelhofer’s arrest, which he had examine on-line, and a ramped-up effort by US authorities to trace him down — Lang received busy placing down roots and beginning a brand new life. He was, he would later inform a Kyiv courtroom, hoping to achieve Ukrainian citizenship.

Whereas working as a contract English-language tutor, he met Anna Osipovich, an English-speaking Ukrainian to whom he rapidly turned engaged. In interviews in September and October 2019, Osipovich informed me that Lang not often spoke together with her about his previous and wasn’t particular when he did. She mentioned Lang informed her he had no half within the Florida killings. She additionally mentioned the 2 needed to get married as a result of she was pregnant.

However to be able to marry, Lang wanted a contemporary stamp in his passport; he had stayed in Ukraine long gone the 90 days People are allowed with out a visa. So in August 2019, he left the nation for a brief journey to Moldova. Upon Lang’s return, an Interpol discover was triggered that mentioned he was needed by the US on fees of homicide in Florida, and Ukrainian authorities detained him.

After greater than a month in a detention heart, he was launched on his personal recognizance. He couldn’t depart the nation, since his passport was being held by Ukrainian authorities, however he was free to proceed his life in Kyiv.

That’s the place I discovered Lang earlier this 12 months, on Feb. 23, together with Osipovich, who had lately given delivery to the couple’s child boy. That they had come to Kyiv’s principal appeals courtroom to proceed combating a call by the nation’s Prosecutor Basic’s Workplace to extradite Lang to Florida, the place relations of the Lorenzos await closure.

The member of the family I spoke to, who has been monitoring the extradition proceedings intently, mentioned she doubts Lang might be returned to Florida. “I want. I hope. However I don’t have a lot religion within the Ukrainian justice system,” they mentioned by means of tears. “We don’t need the loss of life penalty; we simply need him to pay.”

On the courthouse, Lang declined to reply questions on his alleged position within the killings after I approached him. He averted making eye contact by handing over circles, hiding behind his attorneys, and staring into the nook of an elevator because it climbed to the fifth flooring of the courthouse.


Brendan Hoffman for BuzzFeed Information

Lang attends an attraction listening to in Kyiv on Feb. 23, 2021.

He had shaved off his beard and reduce his hair into an oseledets, a coiffure favored by Ukraine’s historical Cossack warriors that incorporates a lengthy lock of hair atop an in any other case naked head. Right this moment it’s well-liked among the many nation’s far-right nationalists. On the day of his listening to, his lock was tied up with a yellow rubber band, and he wore a face masks adorned with the pink and black — blood and soil — colours related to Ukrainian nationalists. Featured prominently on his coat sleeve was a patch with the quantity “88,” a well-documented white supremacist code for “Heil Hitler.”

Lang’s case is not only a matter of extraditing an accused killer. For Ukraine, it’s a difficulty of what to do with a person who volunteered and risked his life to defend the nation, and who might face capital punishment — abolished in Ukraine in 2000 — if he returns to the US.

“We don’t need the loss of life penalty; we simply need him to pay.” 

The far-right paramilitary models he fought with could also be excessive within the eyes of the West, however to many Ukrainians their members are patriots whose wartime sins have been forgiven. Some foreigners who served within the models have obtained Ukrainian citizenship for his or her service.

All this was in play within the courtroom, the place Lang sat beside a translator and twiddled his thumbs all through the tense listening to. Generally he shot a anxious look at his fiancé. Seated behind him, she texted play-by-play to somebody on her cellphone, the case of which was a brown teddy bear.

Talking in a deep and gradual North Carolina drawl, Lang proclaimed his innocence, asserted that he was a freedom fighter who believed in and volunteered to defend Ukraine’s independence. He added that he was a father and supplier for his new household.


Oksana Parafeniuk for BuzzFeed Information

Lang, along with his fiancé, Anna Osipovich, leaves the Kyiv Court docket of Enchantment constructing on Feb. 18, 2021.

He by no means explicitly denied killing the Lorenzos. He mentioned he was “an asylum-seeker” and claimed “it might violate all of the UN conventions” to extradite him to Florida, the place he might face the loss of life penalty. He contended that within the wake of the Jan. 6 assault on the US Capitol, he was being focused by the federal authorities for his political opinions.

Lang went on, claiming he could possibly be prosecuted simply “for selecting to come back to Ukraine, to combat for Ukraine.” He mentioned the US had “refused to offer a assure to not prosecute” him for issues he did whereas combating with extremist paramilitaries.

“Any separatist or Russian soldier that I’ve killed could be a homicide cost. Perceive that any soldier I’ll have captured could be a kidnapping cost,” he mentioned.

After a brief deliberation, the lead decide defined the panel’s determination. It might put Lang’s extradition on maintain and provides him a listening to to find out his standing as an asylum-seeker. One in every of Lang’s attorneys jubilantly threw his fist within the air.

Down within the courthouse foyer after the choice, Lang was greeted by a dozen Proper Sector members. Most have been wearing camouflage fatigues and fight boots. One wore a patch with the image of a Ukrainian neo-Nazi group on his arm. The group chanted “Glory to heroes!” and different Ukrainian nationalist slogans, whereas some hugged Lang.

However the celebration could be untimely. Three weeks later, his plea for asylum was denied, and the courtroom upheld the order to extradite him to Florida.

In a last-ditch maneuver, Lang’s attorneys managed to get the European Court docket of Human Rights to keep his extradition till it might assessment the case. One other courtroom listening to is scheduled for April 22 to find out if he could possibly be taken again into Ukrainian custody. The query of whether or not he might be despatched to Florida for trial stays open.

Outdoors the courtroom in March, Lang noticed a girl from the US Embassy who was monitoring the case. He shouted her down, assuming she was an FBI agent.

His voice shook with rage as he mentioned, “There’s no such factor as justice in the US.” ●

Christopher Miller reported from Miami; Estero, Florida; and Kyiv. Roman Stepanovych contributed reporting from Kyiv.

Correction: Brian Boyenger served in Ukraine’s Armed Forces. An earlier model of this story misstated which group he fought with within the nation.



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